Cartographic representations of Croatian cities from the 16th century
University of Zagreb, Faculty of Geodesy, Zagreb, 2006
Much of the Croatian cartographic heritage is kept at foreign archives, libraries, museums and similar institutions. Some cartographic representations of Croatian cities originating from the 16th century can be found in atlases with cartographic representations of other cities in the area from the Adriatic Sea to Transylvania. This concerns representations bound in five manuscript atlases. Two such atlases (signature Cod. 8607 and Cod. 8609) are kept at the Collection of Manuscripts, Documents and Heritage of the Austrian National Library (Handschriften-, Autographen- und Nachlass-Sammlung der Österreichischen Nationalbibliothek) in Vienna, two (signature Schr. XXVI, F. 96, Nr. 6 and Schr. XXVI, F. 96, Nr. 11) at the Saxon Central State Archive (Sächsisches Hauptstaatsarchiv) in Dresden and one (signature Hfk. Bd. XV) at the Main Land Archive (Generallandesarchiv) in Karlsruhe.
A detailed overview of the past works about these representations, those published by Croatian and foreign scientists (cartographers, geographers, historians, art historians, architects, civil engineers, and others) is given. Certain researchers worked on the representations from one atlas only, without comparing them with the ones from other atlases. In various publications the research results for a particular city (e. g. Zagreb, Koprivnica, Krizevci, Durdevac, Sisak, and others) can be found with reproductions of the representations from one or more atlases, with or without the data about author, production year, as well as about the place the original is kept.
Since many questions arose from the overview of past works, it was necessarily to research the mentioned atlases in order to illuminate some of the ambiguities. This concerned atlases in Vienna and Dresden in particular. In order to be certain which Croatian cities were represented, in how many copies, and where each of them is kept, the author conducted her own research. On the basis of insight in both atlases kept at the Collection of Manuscripts, Documents and Heritage of the Austrian National Library in Vienna and in both atlases at the Saxon Central State Archive in Dresden, as well as of the papers published about the atlas from the Main Land Archive in Karlsruhe, a listing of all representations for each atlas is given for the first time in this dissertation. The exact title of each representation is known now. It is also known which cities the representations were supposed to show but do not. Comparative listing of representations of all Croatian cities from all five atlases was made.
A discussion is carried out by comparing the author's own results of research with those by other scientists. Works that contain representations of cities or atlases with the year of its production were analysed in particular. The problem of the deciphering the published but poor documented representations arose in unexpected large amount.
An overview of the past knowledge of the life of Nicolo Angielini, believed to be the author of several maps and representations of cities (fortresses) from the mentioned atlases is given. Some representations of Croatian cities in several variants as well as two copies of the map of Croatia and Slavonia are attributed to him. Certain researchers assumed that Natale Angelini and Nicolo Angielini are one and the same person. On the basis of lexicographic and biographic data of the two of them and of the latest research by Hungarian scientist Géza Pálffy, Natale Angelini and Nicolo Angielini are two persons, in fact brothers.
Reproductions of representations of all Croatian cities from the five atlases are enclosed in the dissertation, as well as the map of Croatia and Slavonia which exists in two copies, one from Vienna, and the other from Karlsruhe. Besides mentioned representations, important for Croatia, the reproductions of the map of Hungary, signed by Nicolaus Angielus which is kept in Dresden, and of the map of Upper Hungary, signed by Nicolo Angielini, which is kept in Karlsruhe are given. These are followed by the reproductions of two maps, that are kept at the Cartographic Collection of the Austrian National Library in Vienna, and are still unknown from literature. One of them represents Croatia and Slavonia, and the second one represents the lake Balaton with the surroundings. The author of the second one is Natale Angelini.
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