ABSTRACT: The paper is a review of the map projection theory and applications all over the world and in Croatia. First of all, cartography is shortly presented as a discipline dealing with foundation, production, promotion and studying of maps. Theory of map projections is a branch of cartography studying the ways of projecting the curved surface of the earth and other heavenly bodies into the plane. After a brief review of the history of map projections the paper gives the general outline of map projections and persons dealing with their theory on the territory of Croatia. In addition, the problem of the state map projection selection, which is one of the basic issues of the Croatian official cartography, has been explained.
Keywords: cartography, map projections, history, Croatia
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